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Cultural Literacy Test - Physical Science I
Take your time with the following cultural literacy test. If
you select the correct answer it will be highlighted in green and the related
information will be shown. If the first answer selected is incorrect, it will be
highlighted in yellow, indicating try again. If the second answer selected is
incorrect, the correct answer will be displayed. See the Bibliography
to learn more about this test.
What is a catalyst?
the smallest constituent of matter
a substance that controls the rate of a chemical reaction
a violent geological change
a substance that merges with an element to form a compound
The steady-state and big-bang theories are associated with
the study of the creation and structure of the universe
the initial construction of the hydrogen bomb
the volatility of liquids such as ether and chloroform
plate tectonics and the development of mountain ranges
According to quantum theory,
energy is infinite
forces that balance each other are in equilibrium
force can be expressed as the acceleration it gives to an object
energy is limited and discontinuous
The earth's atmosphere is
primarily nitrogen, with smaller amounts of oxygen and argon
primarily oxygen, with traces of nitrogen and carbon
primarily carbon dioxide, with some helium and ozone
primarily ozone, with traces of oxygen and carbon dioxide
Which of these concepts is not associated with Einstein's theory of relativity?
Nothing can move faster than the speed of light.
Energy and mass are equivalent.
Mass and time change with increases in velocity.
Although matter may alter in shape, it is never destroyed.
On the Celsius scale, the boiling point of water is
In a lunar eclipse,
the Moon comes between the Earth and the Sun
the Sun comes between the Earth and the Moon
the Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon
none of the above
Both strong and weak nuclear forces have to do with
The three major classes of rocks are
granite, pumice, and quartzite
stratified, molten, and sedimentary
igneous, basalt, and clay
metamorphic, sedimentary, and igneous
What did Marie and Pierre Curie discover?
radium and polonium
What is a vacuum?
a unit of measure of atmospheric pressure
gaseous matter with a high concentration of ions
a device that operates through hydraulic pressure
space from which all matter has been removed
You would be most likely to read a seismograph report in
a newspaper account of earthquake activity
a Scientific American article on quarks
a novel about life on other planets
Einstein's early papers on inertia
What is a molecule?
the smallest particle of matter
the smallest particle of an element or compound that has all the properties of that substance
a substance with the same atomic weight as a given element
a particle made up of a single nucleus and orbiting electrons in multiples of three or five
When an object is in equilibrium,
it is not being acted on by any forces
it is resistant to gravitational forces
it is being acted on by two or more balanced forces
it is spherical or otherwise precisely symmetrical
According to Newton's law of inertia,
a body at rest tends to remain at rest
a body in motion tends to remain in motion
an outside force can manipulate a body
all of the above
To a physicist, conservation of energy means
use of natural resources must be controlled
during a physical change, total energy remains constant
a cautious approach to particle bombardment is recommended
solid-state rather than electron materials are used
Which of the following bodies is not a star?
If a bar magnet is allowed to swing freely,
it will attract any metallic object
it will repel any metallic object
it will point north and south
it will display the properties of a pendulum
The most amazing thing about a black hole is its ability to
The half-life of an element is
equal to half of its atomic number
the time it takes half of a given amount to decay
half the number of years an atom takes to break down
the number of electrons dispersed over a six-month period
In the process of diffusion,
molecules of a substance spread evenly through a gas, liquid, or solid
molecules of a substance separate from a gas, liquid, or solid
wind or water spreads molecules of a substance
a molecule returns to its natural shape after being acted on by a force
What is acceleration?
speed in a straight line
the rate of increase in velocity
the rate at which motion occurs
the process of traveling from place to place
Which list gives the correct order of the planets in terms of average orbital distance from the Sun?